Chipping Norton, located near the top of a hill, began as a settlement at its base and by the Middle Ages was profiting from the wool production that made the
Cotswolds one of the most prosperous areas in England. By this time the market place was located higher up the hill where the town centre now is today. As time went on, sheep farming was gradually replaced by arable farming. A wool mill, called Bliss Mill, can still be seen when travelling on the west side of Chipping Norton on the A44 Worcester Road. Chipping Norton has also in the past had a tannery, iron foundry, brewery and a glove manufacturer. A market is still held in the town centre on Wednesdays.